Synthetic Phonics in Spain

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Synthetic Phonics, the most efficient way to learn English.
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Synthetic vs. Analytic Phonics



Synthetic Phonics


  • used in countries like Germany and Austria – the alphabetic code is taught before expecting children to read books
  • teaches alphabet letter sounds at a quick pace and how to blend them for reading e.g. c-a-t is cat, b-u-s is bus, s-t-o-p is stop etc.
  • teaches phonemic awareness so that all the sounds in words can be identified and written e.g. cat is c-a-t, bus is b-u-s, and stop is s-t-o-p etc.
  • teaches main digraphs – blending and segmenting regular words with digraphs e.g. sheep, boil, chart etc.
  • teaches tricky words – blending and learning the 'tricky' part
  • uses decodable texts initially – a free choice of books is given when there is fluency in the reading and an ability to work out unknown words easily
  • has blending as the first strategy for reading unknown words
  • word patterns covered at a later stage – for spelling rather than for reading



Analytic Phonics


  • starts with a whole word sight vocabulary and reading books
  • uses picture, initial letter and context cues for word recognition
  • uses text that has a repetitive sentence – the picture gives the clue for the new word(s) introduced on that page
  • gradually introduces the alphabet letter sounds to enable the initial letter to help with word identification
  • segmenting and blending are demonstrated away from text – if it is done at all
  • digraphs are rarely taught
  • keyword sight vocabulary – memorised visually
  • blending used as the last strategy instead of the first strategy
  • word patterns covered at a later stage


Source: © Sue Lloyd



Jolly Centre - Segovia

Teacher Training Day

Saturday 17th May, 2014



The pace was excellent the content was very detailed, relevant, interesting. Great visual aids to help us see how JP. Should be implemented and continued.

Lots of books and resources which helped us to see what we could potentially use.

Most enjoyable and very beneficial, I can see many benefits of Jolly Phonics.

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